Who is eligible for the $ 500 dependent credit and who does not get the child tax credit?


The American rescue plan adopted in March significantly expanded tax credits for parents and guardians. Although parents with dependents over the age of 17 may not participate in the advance payment program for such dependents, they can benefit from a tax credit for other dependents and additional tax credits when they file their income tax return in 2022.

Parents and guardians with children aged 17 and under will receive six monthly payments this year on the 2021 Child Tax Credit, if they meet income eligibility and other requirements. Also if they have not chosen to opt out of the early withdrawal scheme added to the tax credit for the 2021 fiscal year, and perhaps beyond.

However, their older dependents may be eligible for a tax credit through the earned income tax credit, the child care and dependents tax credit, or a $ 500 tax credit for other dependents.

$ 500 tax credit for other dependents (ODC)

Eligible families can receive up to $ 3,000 per child aged 6 to 17. Each child under 6 could be eligible for up to $ 3,600. The age limits apply to the age of a child at the end of an exercise, Thus, if a child is 18 years old for example before January 1, 2022, he will not be able to benefit from the 2021 child tax credit. The credit is fully refundable, so if a family owes less than the credit amount, they will receive the excess as a tax refund.

Taxpayers may be eligible for an amount of $ 500 Other dependents credit for each dependent who is not eligible for the child tax credit. These can include any dependent aged 17 or over, including dependent parents or other family members. As well as dependents living with a taxpayer but not related to family. This tax credit is not refundable and begins to gradually disappear for individuals earning more than $ 200,000 per year and $ 400,000 for joint returns.

Taxpayers will want to check the IRS’s online tool to determine whether their child or dependent qualifies for the child tax credit or the credit for other dependents. The agency also provides another online tool to see who qualifies as a dependent.

Other tax credits for people with earned income and dependents in 2021

One of the changes to the 2021 child tax credit was that no earned income is required to apply for the credit, a big boost for those who may still struggle to return to work as the economy recovers. But for those who have successfully re-entered the labor market the US bailout also expanded the tax credit that families can depending on their income and the size of their family. In addition, the amount that a family may claim the cost of hiring services or other expenses incurred so that their loved ones can be taken care of while they are working.

Along with changes to increase eligibility, the The Income Tax Credit (EITC) has been increased for fiscal year 2021. Taxpayers with children can get up to $ 6,728, depending on the number of children and their income. To apply for credit for one or more children, these dependents must meet certain qualifications. Taxpayers without children can claim a tax credit of up to $ 1,502. For more information, NerdWallet has a good explanation on credit. You can also consult the IRS EITC assistant.

The tax credit for childcare and dependents (CDCC) could provide up to $ 8,000 in credit to those with dependents. The credit for expenses incurred to have someone look after their dependent while they are working allows taxpayers to claim up to 50% of the $ 8,000 spent on one dependent in 2021, or up to 50% of $ 16,000 for two or more people. Children under the age of 13, a spouse or parent unable to care for themselves, or another dependent may be eligible. Major change for 2021, the credit has been made refundable which could give taxpayers a substantial refund. For more information, see the IRS Frequently Asked Questions on Credit.

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